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  • #46
    People Other Than MLK Jr. Who Sacrificed Their Lives to Fight For Black Liberation


    http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...ey-600x751.jpg



    Walter Rodney, 38 (March 23, 1942 – June 13, 1980)

    Walter Rodney was a prominent Guyanese historian, political activist and preeminent scholar, who fervently believed that intellectuals should make their skills available for the struggle and emancipation of the people. Rodney remained true to his beliefs after earning a Ph.D. with honors in African History at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, at the age of 24.

    Rodney would go on to teach at the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania and at the University of the West Indies in Jamaica. He actively rallied for Black liberation, debated against capitalism, and argued for a socialist development template for the Caribbean and Africa.

    Rodney returned to his birthplace of Guyana in 1974 to accept a position as a professor at the University of Guyana. The government blocked the appointment and Rodney returned to his political activist roots.

    According to guyanacaribbeanpolitics.com, Rodney remained in Guyana and “emerged as the leading figure in the resistance movement against the increasingly authoritarian PNC government.”

    In 1979, Rodney and seven others were arrested and charged with arson. The following year he was assassinated by a bomb in the middle of Georgetown.

    http://atlantablackstar.com/2014/02/...-liberation/4/
    I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
    Marcus Garvey

    satire protected speech soo more fiyah

    Comment


    • #47
      Nicely done blugiant. I am just seeing this

      Seems like you've covered all bases but if I find anyone you haven't included. I will be sure to share it.

      Comment


      • #48
        Marie-Joseph Angélique

        It was an unusually mild spring day. The people who had attended evening prayer were beginning to make their way home. Among them was Thérèse de Couagne, widow of François Poulin de Francheville and the owner of Angélique, a Black slave.On rue Saint-Paul, under the watchful eye of the sentry posted in front of the Hôtel-Dieu, two young girls were at play in the muddy street. In front of the hospital, a young panis slave named Manon watched the two children as she visited with Angélique, who was awaiting the return of her mistress. Some feet away, Marguerite César dit Lagardelette leaned out her open window.
        At seven the sentry sounded the alarm: “Fire!” and immediately the hospital bell began to ring, soon followed by those in other churches and chapels throughout the city. A fire had erupted on the south side of rue Saint-Paul, and was spreading east of rue Saint-Joseph (rue Saint-Sulpice).
        The knight Boisberthelot de Beaucours, along with the naval superintendent, Honoré Michel de Villebois de Larouvillière, and law enforcement officers went into action. However, the fire was so intense that the men could not come close to it. The streets, already difficult to negotiate due to the thaw, soon became impassable. Many people with their belongings sought refuge at the Hôtel-Dieu, but the fire soon made its way across rue Saint-Paul and set the hospital ablaze. In the general panic, and despite the presence of soldiers, people arriving from the suburbs began to take items from the convent and the houses of the merchants.
        In less than three hours, the fire levelled the Hôtel-Dieu, destroyed 45 houses and left hundreds of people in the street. The fire quickly spread along rue Saint-Paul, driven by the strong wind blowing from the west.
        Early the following morning, anger was felt throughout the city. A rumour was spreading that Angélique had set the fire in the attic of her mistress’ house, aided by her white lover, Claude Thibault.
        This site tells more about her story:

        http://www.canadianmysteries.ca/site...e/indexen.html


        Our Fellow Jamaican Dr. Afua Cooper wrote a book about her called The Hanging of Angélique: The Untold Story of Canadian Slavery and the Burning of Montreal:

        http://www.amazon.ca/Hanging-Ang%C3%.../dp/0820329401


        Afua-Cooper.jpg



        Last edited by Tropicana; 02-08-2014, 03:48 PM.

        Comment


        • #49
          time to get rid of it...
          it was needed in carter g woodson's time but having this now is absurd---

          the so-called black man/woman/child is now being hurt mentally by this "black history month"...time to evolve spiritually and leave out the cult of white-worship;

          i an i live a universal my-story life, not "black history month"...while recognizing & honoring the afrikan ancestral stamp

          Comment


          • #50
            Originally posted by lonewolf View Post
            Your hero was a mass murderer. I under stand the circumstances, but murder is still murder.
            yes....he was...

            i will not try and rationalise his actions,,,,He also sold out his leader Tossaint to Napoleon...still he is my hero....he was also into the Vodun....
            What nonsense! How can you have a revolution without shooting people ? Lenin 26th October 1917...
            If Christians go to heaven, I do not want to go to Heaven: Hatuey. 2/02/1512

            Comment


            • #51
              Top 6 Countries That Grew Filthy Rich From Enslaving Black People

              The United States of America

              Slavery transformed America into an economic power. The exploitation of black people for free labor made the South the richest and most politically powerful region in the country. British demand for American cotton made the southern stretch of the Mississippi River the Silicon Valley of its era, boasting the single largest concentration of the nation’s millionaires.

              But slavery was a national enterprise. Many firms on Wall Street such as JPMorgan Chase, New York Life and now-defunct Lehman Brothers made fortunes from investing in the slave trade the most profitable economic activity in New York’s 350 year history. Slavery was so important to the city that New York was one of the most pro-slavery urban municipalities in the North.

              According to Harper’s magazine (November 2000), the United States stole an estimated $100 trillion for 222,505,049 hours of forced labor between 1619 and 1865, with a compounded interest of 6 percent.

              http://atlantablackstar.com/2013/10/...frican-people/
              Last edited by blugiant; 02-08-2014, 09:59 PM.
              I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
              Marcus Garvey

              satire protected speech soo more fiyah

              Comment


              • #52
                Top 6 Countries That Grew Filthy Rich From Enslaving Black People



                England

                Between 1761 and 1808, British traders hauled 1,428,000 African captives across the Atlantic and pocketed $96.5 million – about $13 billion in value today – from selling them as slaves.

                From 1500 to 1860, by very modest estimations, around 12 million Africans were traded into slavery in the Americas. In British vessels alone, 3.25 million Africans were shipped. These voyages were often very profitable. For instance, in the 17th century, the Royal Africa Company could buy an enslaved African with trade goods worth $5 and sell that person in the Americas for $32, making an average net profit of 38 percent per voyage.

                Slave-owning planters and merchants who dealt in slaves and slave produce were among the richest people in 18th-century Britain, but many other British citizens benefited from the human trafficking industry.

                Profits from slavery were used to endow All Souls College, Oxford, with a splendid library; to build a score of banks, including the Bank of London and Barclays; and to finance the experiments of James Watt, inventor of the first efficient steam engine.

                As the primary catalyst for the Industrial Revolution, the transatlantic slave trade provided factory owners who dealt in textiles, iron, glass and gun-making a mega-market in West Africa, where their goods were traded for slaves. Birmingham had over 4,000 gun-makers, with 100,000 guns a year going to slave-traders. The boom in manufacturing provided many jobs for ordinary people in Britain who, in addition to working in factories, could be employed to build roads and bridges, and in whaling, mining, etc.


                http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...on-170x150.jpg


                Source: bbc.co.uk

                Source: revealinghistories.org.uk

                Source: abolition.e2bn.org
                I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
                Marcus Garvey

                satire protected speech soo more fiyah

                Comment


                • #53
                  Top 6 Countries That Grew Filthy Rich From Enslaving Black People



                  France

                  With over 1,600,000 enslaved Africans transported to the West Indies, France was clearly a major player in the trade. Its slave ports were a major contributor to the country’s economic advancements in the 18th century. Many of its cities on the west coast, such as Nantes, Lorient, La Rochelle, and Bordeaux, built their wealth through the major profits of triangular slave trade.

                  Between 1738 and 1745, from Nantes, France’s leading slave port, 55,000 slaves were taken to the New World in 180 ships. From 1713 to 1775, nearly 800 vessels in the slave trade sailed from Nantes.

                  By the late 1780s, French Saint Domingue, which is modern-day Haiti, became the richest and most prosperous colony in the West Indies, cementing its status as a vital port in the Americas for goods and products flowing to and from France and Europe.

                  The income and taxes from slave-based sugar production became a major source of the French national budget. Each year over 600 vessels visited the ports of Haiti to carry its sugar, coffee, cotton, indigo, and cacao to European consumers.


                  Paris, France
                  http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...18-170x150.jpg







                  Lorient slave port still exist in France today
                  http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...ts-170x150.jpg







                  La Rochelle slave port helped draw in huge profits from enslaving Africans
                  http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...rt-170x150.jpg


                  en.wikipedia.org
                  I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
                  Marcus Garvey

                  satire protected speech soo more fiyah

                  Comment


                  • #54
                    Top 6 Countries That Grew Filthy Rich From Enslaving Black People


                    Netherlands

                    The Dutch West India Company, a chartered company of Dutch merchants, was established in 1621 as a monopoly over the African slave trade to Brazil, the Caribbean and North America.

                    WIC had offices in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Hoorn, Middelburg and Groningen, but one-fourth of Africans transported across the Atlantic by the company were moved in slave ships from Amsterdam. Almost all of the money that financed slave plantations in Suriname and the Antilles came from bankers in Amsterdam, just as many of the ships used to transport slaves were built there.

                    Many of the raw materials that were turned into finished goods in Amsterdam, such as sugar and coffee, were grown in the colonies using slave labor and then refined in factories in the Jordaan neighborhood.

                    Revenue from the goods produced with slave labor funded much of The Netherlands’ golden age in the 17th century, a period renowned for its artistic, literary, scientific, and philosophical achievements.

                    Slave labor created vast sources of wealth for the Dutch in the form of precious metals, sugar, tobacco, cocoa, coffee and cotton and other goods, and helped to fund the creation of Amsterdam’s beautiful and famous canals and city center.


                    Dutch Golden Coach portrays offensive slavery painting
                    http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...ds-170x150.jpg




                    Dutch Golden Coach portrays offensive slavery painting
                    http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...ry-170x150.jpg






                    Dutch riches from slave labor used to build canals in Amsterdam
                    http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...ls-170x150.jpg
                    I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
                    Marcus Garvey

                    satire protected speech soo more fiyah

                    Comment


                    • #55
                      Top 6 Countries That Grew Filthy Rich From Enslaving Black People



                      Portugal

                      Portugal was the first of all European countries to become involved in the Atlantic slave trade. From the 15th to 19th century, the Portuguese exported 4.5 million Africans as slaves to the Americas, making it Europe’s largest trafficker of human beings.

                      Slave labor was the driving force behind the growth of the sugar economy in Portugal’s colony of Brazil, and sugar was the primary export from 1600 to 1650. Gold and diamond deposits were discovered in Brazil in 1690, which sparked an increase in the importation of African slaves to power this newly profitable market.

                      The large portion of the Brazilian inland where gold was extracted was known as the Minas Gerais (General Mines). Gold mining in this area became the main economic activity of colonial Brazil during the 18th century. In Portugal, the gold was mainly used to pay for industrialized goods such as textiles and weapons, and to build magnificent baroque monuments like the Convent of Mafra.




                      National Convent of Mafra

                      http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...ra-170x150.jpg







                      Old slave gold mining town Minas Gerais in Brazil.

                      http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...il-170x150.jpg








                      http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...rs-170x150.jpg





                      Source: wikipedia.org

                      Source: africaspeaks.com
                      I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
                      Marcus Garvey

                      satire protected speech soo more fiyah

                      Comment


                      • #56
                        Top 6 Countries That Grew Filthy Rich From Enslaving Black People



                        Spain

                        Starting in 1492, Spain was the first European country to colonize the New World, where they established an economic monopoly in the territories of Florida and other parts of North America, Mexico, Trinidad, Cuba and other Caribbean islands. The native populations of these colonies were mostly dying from disease or enslavement, so the Spanish were forced to increasingly rely on African slave labor to run their colonies.

                        The money generated from these settlements created great wealth for the Hapsburg and Bourbon dynasties throughout Spain’s hold on the area. But it also attracted Spain’s European rivals, prompting Spanish rulers to spend the riches from the Americas to fuel successive European wars.

                        Spanish treasure fleets were used to protect the cargo transported across the Atlantic Ocean. The ships’ cargo included lumber, manufactured goods, various metal resources and expensive luxury goods including silver, gold, gems, pearls, spices, sugar, tobacco leaf and silk.

                        Port cities in Spain flourished. Seville, which had a royal monopoly on New World trade, was transformed from a provincial port into a major city and political center. Since the Spanish colonists were not yet producing their own staples such as wine, oil, flour, arms and leather, and had large financial reserves to pay for them, prices in Castile and Andalusia rose sharply as traders bought up goods to ship out.

                        Prices of oil, wine and wheat tripled between 1511 and 1539. The great vineyards of Jerez, the olive groves of Jaén, and the arms and leather industry of Toledo were established on their present scale during these years.




                        Seville, Spain, a city which was built from African slave labor.
                        http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...in-170x150.jpg





                        Royal Palace in Spain. Where Hapsburg and Bourbon enjoyed their wealth from enslaving Africans.
                        http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...on-170x150.jpg




                        http://d39ya49a1fwv14.cloudfront.net...rs-170x150.jpg


                        http://atlantablackstar.com/2013/10/...frican-people/
                        I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
                        Marcus Garvey

                        satire protected speech soo more fiyah

                        Comment


                        • #57
                          Originally posted by jah_yout View Post
                          time to get rid of it...
                          it was needed in carter g woodson's time but having this now is absurd---

                          the so-called black man/woman/child is now being hurt mentally by this "black history month"...time to evolve spiritually and leave out the cult of white-worship;

                          i an i live a universal my-story life, not "black history month"...while recognizing & honoring the afrikan ancestral stamp
                          intarestinn argument butt da realitee dat iff natt fe blakk histaree month moas blakk students wood natt learn bout blakk histaree. blakk histaree iss a joke cah da shortest month aff de ear mean blakk kno doan learn enuff bout blakk histaree fe improve demselves esteem
                          I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
                          Marcus Garvey

                          satire protected speech soo more fiyah

                          Comment


                          • #58
                            Originally posted by Tropicana View Post
                            Nicely done blugiant. I am just seeing this

                            Seems like you've covered all bases but if I find anyone you haven't included. I will be sure to share it.

                            I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
                            Marcus Garvey

                            satire protected speech soo more fiyah

                            Comment


                            • #59
                              Marcus Garvey


                              Man Know Thyself
                              The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey, Or, Africa for the Africans
                              by Marcus Garvey and Amy Jacques Garvey

                              For man to know himself is for him to feel that for him there is no human master. For him Nature is his servant, and whatsoever he wills in Nature, that shall be his reward. If he wills to be a pigmy, a serf or a slave, that shall he be. If he wills to be a real man in possession of the things common to man, then he shall be his own sovereign.

                              When man fails to grasp his authority he sinks to the level of the lower animals, and whatsoever the real man bids him do, even as if it were of the lower animals, that much shall he do. If he says "go." He goes. If he says "come," he comes. By this command he performs the functions of life even as by a similar command the mule, the horse, the cow perform the will of their masters.

                              For the last four hundred years the Negro has been in the position of being commanded even as the lower animals are controlled. Our race has been without a will; without a purpose of its own, for all this length of time. Because of that we have developed few men who are able to understand the strenuousness of the age in which we live.

                              Where can we find in this race of ours real men. Men of character, men of purpose, men of confidence, men of faith, men who really know themselves? I have come across so many weaklings who profess to be leaders, and in the test I have found them but the slaves of a nobler class. They perform the will of their masters without question.

                              To me, a man has no master but God. Man in his authority is a sovereign lord. As for the individual man, so of the individual race. This feeling makes man so courageous, so bold, as to make it impossible for his brother to intrude upon his rights. So few of us can understand what it takes to make a man - the man who will never say die; the man who will never give up; the man who will never depend upon others to do for him what he ought to do for himself; the man who will not blame God, who will not blame Nature, who will not blame Fate for his condition; but the man who will go out and make conditions to suit himself. Oh, how disgusting life becomes when on every hand you hear people (who bear your image, who bear your resemblance) telling you that they cannot make it, that Fate is against them, that they cannot get a chance. If 400,000,000 Negroes can only get to know thesmelves, to know that in them is a sovereign power, is an authority that is absolute, then in the next twenty-four hours we would have a new race, we would have a nation, an empire, - resurrected, not from the will of others to see us rise, - but from our own determination to rise, irrespective of what the world thinks.
                              I have no desire to take all black people back to Africa; there are blacks who are no good here and will likewise be no good there.
                              Marcus Garvey

                              satire protected speech soo more fiyah

                              Comment


                              • #60
                                Originally posted by jah_yout View Post
                                time to get rid of it...
                                it was needed in carter g woodson's time but having this now is absurd---

                                the so-called black man/woman/child is now being hurt mentally by this "black history month"...time to evolve spiritually and leave out the cult of white-worship;

                                i an i live a universal my-story life, not "black history month"...while recognizing & honoring the afrikan ancestral stamp
                                I am confused. You have his photo for your avatar yet you don't support Black History Month. How is Black History Month hurting black people.

                                Comment

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